The complex was created by architects Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela. They worked together with the engineers who designed the structural covers of L’Oceanografic, (the aquarium), Alberto Domingo and Carlos Lázaro. It was inagurated on the 9th of June of 1998 together with the opening of El Hemisférico. The last of the components was the Ágora, which is located between the bridge called l’Assut de l’Or y and l’Oceanogràfic.
The entire complex was built at the end of what once was the River Turia. The entire river was transformed into one of the largest urban parks in Europe. It extends close to seven kilometres and contains beautiful trees, plants, flowers, gardens, bike paths, fountains, football fields, bars, cafes, restaurants and it is the most magnificent place to rest, stroll or exercise in the city.
The City of Arts and Sciences, received 2,8 million visitors in 2018. The buildings are:
Shaped like a human eye. Contains an IMAX cinema, a planetarium with laser show. Its surface is approximately 13.000 m².
Museo de las Ciencias Príncipe Felipe
Sort of resembles the skeleton of a whale…It is an interactive science museum. Occupies approximately 40.000 m².
A garden area with a walkway for strolling and resting containing plants that are autocthonous to the Comunidad Valenciana. It is covered with floating arches from where one can see the entire area of the Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias. It also contains an open air art gallery of sculptures, El Paseo de las Esculturas, which includes sculptures from such contemporary artists as Miquel Navarro, Francesc Abad and Yoko Ono among others.
This is the aquarium, which is the largest in Europe with 110.000 sq. metres and 42 million litres of water. The top, in the form of a water lilly is the work of architect Adrián Peláez Coronado, a native of Valencia. The design of the same was the work of structural engineers Alberto Domingo and Carlos Lázaro. The principal ecosystems of the world are represented: Mediterranean, Tropical Seas, Antarctic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Islands and the Red Sea. There is a submarine restaurant whose covers were designed by Félix Candela.
Palacio de las Artes Reina Sofía
Contains four large salons: Principal, Magistral, Anfitheatre and Small Theatre. Also an Expositions room. This theatre space is dedicated to Music and the Scenic Arts, Theatre.
El Puente de l’Assut de l’Or
Communicates the southern route with Menorca Street and its pylon, reaching 125 metros in height, is the highest point in the city.
A covered space dedicated to the presentation of concerts and sporting events, like the new grand prix of tennis of the Comunitat de Valencia. From 2020 on it will be the home of the CaixaForum València.
Certainly a major attraction and a must see…
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